A new sustainable development agenda
The global community on September 25, 2015 adopted a set of 17 goals, known as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in a bid to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030.
SDGs are a universal set of goals that UN Member States agreed to use to frame their national development plans and policies over the next 15 years.
The Government of Kenya played a very important role in the design of the global development agenda through its Permanent Representative to the UN, Ambassador Macharia Kamau, who co-chaired the Open Working Group with the Hungarian Ambassador, Csaba Korosi. Together, they provided overall policy guidance to the articulation of the Post-2015 development agenda and the SDGs.
UN System Engagement with SDGs in Kenya
The UN under the Delivering as One (DaO) modality has strategically positioned itself to support the localization and implementation of the SDGs in Kenya. It has established the UN SDGs Technical Working Group (UN SDGs TWG) under the technical leadership of UNDP to support both national and county governments in the implementation of the SDGs through the Ministry of Devolution and Planning and Council of Governors, respectively.
Strategic Areas of Focus for the UN Support
1) Comprehensive UNCT roadmap and costing to facilitate UNCT support to the implementation of the SDGs in Kenya.
2) Advocacy, sensitization and awareness raising on the SDGs.
3) Localization, needs assessments and costing of the SDGs within the national and sub-national contexts.
4) The third ‘Financing for Development’ (FfD3) outcome document domestication to explore opportunities for financing through the various means articulated in the document.
5) Comprehensive stakeholder mapping exercise in order to define relevant actors involved with the SDGs and the role each can play in the implementation process. This will help to provide the basis for forging strategic partnerships on the SDGs.
6) Comprehensive alignment of national and county development plans to the SDGs.
7) Comprehensive alignment of the UNDAF with the SDGs.
8) Timely and reliable data generation, analysis and dissemination to inform evidence-based decision-making.
9) Effective and integrated M&E systems strengthened at both national and county levels, and that the M&E plan of the UNDAF is aligned to these systems.
10) Substantive and regular reporting on the SDGs, with focus on key results achieved at the national and county levels as well as defining solutions to off-track goals through SDGs Acceleration Framework.
Principles of UN Engagement on the SDGs
(i) National ownership and leadership
(ii) Inclusive and participatory development approach
(iii) Leaving no one behind
(iv) Human-rights-based approach
(v) Integrated approach
(vi) Conflict sensitive approach